US President-elect Joe Biden will be sworn in on Wednesday. On its first day, the Biden-Harris administration is set to roll out a series of executive orders as part of its program for its first 10 days.
In a note sent to new senior White House officials, Biden’s chief of staff Rob Klain said the administration was facing “four overlapping and worsening crises”: Covid-19, crisis the resulting economic crisis, climate change and racial inequality.
Some of the actions on Biden’s agenda will change the focus of policies undertaken by the Trump administration, such as banning immigrants from certain Muslim-majority countries and reverting to the Paris climate agreement. . Planned subsequent executive decrees include expanding access to health care and reforming the criminal justice system.
So what is a decree?
An executive order is a written directive issued by the president. Such ordinances are not legislative and do not require congressional approval, which also means Congress cannot overrule them. According to the American Bar Association (ABA), Congress can pass legislation that makes it difficult or impossible to enforce an executive order, such as removing funding. However, only the President can annul a decree by issuing another.
According to the ABA, US presidents have issued nearly 14,000 presidential decrees since George Washington took office in 1789. President Donald Trump issued 209 decrees between 2017 and 2021, and the former president Barack obama issued 291 during his eight-year tenure from 2009 to 2017.
What are the executive decrees planned by the Biden administration?
PARIS PACT: Under the Trump administration, the United States left the Paris climate agreement on November 4, 2020, and Biden said on the same day that the United States would join him in 77 days under his administration. To do this, the United States will need to inform the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Thirty days after applying, the United States will once again become a member of the climate agreement.
IMMIGRATION: In 2017, Trump announced a ban restricting travel from seven Muslim-majority countries. Countries have since been added and removed from this list; Currently, the travel ban covers 13 countries, including Iran, Libya, Syria, Yemen, Somalia, Venezuela, North Korea, Myanmar and Nigeria. Trump’s 2017 executive order said the ban was imposed to prevent the entry of a “national of one of these countries who intends to commit terrorist acts …”
Biden called the ban unconstitutional and plans to repeal it on Wednesday. According to Bloomberg, since the ban was imposed by a presidential proclamation, Biden will be able to override it. However, allowing more refugees requires consultation with Congress each September.
COVID-19[FEMALE:[FEMININE: The United States is the country most affected by Covid-19, with the most cases, the most deaths and one of the worst death rates. During most of the pandemicTrump has been skeptical of the masks’ effectiveness in helping to curb the spread. Biden, on the other hand, likened wearing a mask to a “patriotic act,” and said that on his swearing-in day he will sign an executive order requiring people to wear masks on federal property and on buses and trains. during an interstate trip, as part of a “100 Day Masking Challenge”.
Biden also pledged 100 million vaccines for Americans in the first 100 days of taking office and expanding testing.
STUDENT LOANS: Last November, Trump issued a memorandum extending a student loan payment relief offered in March 2020. Under it, federal student loan payments could be deferred without interest until December 2020. Biden is on the bank. point of extending the moratorium without interest.