Today is Thursday July 16the 198th day of 2020. There are 168 days left in the year.
On July 16, 1945, the United States detonated its first experimental atomic bomb in the Alamogordo Desert, New Mexico; on the same day, the heavy cruiser USS Indianapolis departed Mare Island Naval Shipyard in California on a secret mission to deliver atomic bomb components to Tinian Island in the Marianas.
1557 – Anne of Cleves, who was briefly the fourth wife of King Henry VIII of England, died in London at the age of 41.
1790 — A site along the Potomac River has been designated the permanent seat of the United States government; area became Washington, D.C.
1964 – As he accepted the Republican presidential nomination in San Francisco, Barry M. Goldwater said that “extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice” and that “moderation in the pursuit of justice is no is not a virtue”.
1969 — Apollo 11 lifted off from Cape Kennedy on the first manned mission to the surface of the moon.
1980 –Former California Governor Ronald Reagan won the Republican presidential nomination at the party’s convention in Detroit.
1999 — John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn, and his sister, Lauren Bessette, died when their single-engine plane, piloted by Kennedy, plunged into the Atlantic Ocean near Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts.
2004 — Martha Stewart was sentenced to five months in prison and five months house arrest by a federal judge in New York for lying about a stock sale.
2008 – Florida resident Casey Anthony, whose two-year-old daughter, Caylee, had been missing for a month, was arrested for child neglect, making false official statements and obstructing a criminal investigation. (Casey Anthony was later acquitted at trial in the murder of Caylee, whose skeletal remains were found in December 2008; she was convicted of lying to police.)
Five years ago – A gunman unleashed a barrage of fire on a recruiting center and another US military site a few miles apart in Chattanooga, Tennessee, killing four Marines and a sailor before being shot dead by police ; authorities identified the shooter as Kuwaiti-born Muhammad Youssef Abdulazeez, from Tennessee.
Former US Attorney General Dick Thornburgh is 88. Soul singer William Bell is 81 years old. International Tennis Hall of Famer Margaret Court is 78. Jimmy Johnson, a College Football Hall of Famer and football coach, is 77. Violinist Pinchas Zukerman is 72 years old. Actor-singer Ruben Blades is 72 years old. Composer and rock musician Stewart Copeland is 68 years old. Playwright Tony Kushner is 64 years old. Actress Faye Grant is 63 years old. Dancer Michael Flatley is 62 years old. Actress Phoebe Cates is 57. Actor Paul Hipp is 57 years old. Actor Daryl “Chill” Mitchell is 55. Actor-comedian Will Ferrell is 53 years old. Actor Jonathan Adams is 53 years old. Barry Sanders, a member of the College and Professional Football Hall of Fame, is 52. Singer Ryan McCombs (Drowning Pool) is 46 years old. Actress Jayma Mays is 41 years old. Actress AnnaLynne McCord is 33 years old. Actor-singer James Maslow is 30 years old. Actor Mark Indelicato is 26 years old. Singer and pop musician Luke Hemmings (5 Seconds to Summer) is 24 years old. .